WASHINGTON — New-home sales rose last month at the fastest clip in more than eight years as buyers eagerly took advantage of bargain prices — a clear sign, economists said, that the real estate market might finally be bouncing back.
Historically low interest rates and a federal tax credit for first-time homeowners also helped push home sales to their highest level since November, the Commerce Department reported Monday.
Home prices are still falling around the country, but sales have risen for three months in a row. New-home construction is at the busiest level since last fall. And home resales rose in June for the third straight month.
"The worst of the housing recession is now behind us," said David Resler, chief economist at Nomura Securities. And as with the overall economy, the "recovery" is likely to be slow and arduous, he said.
Put in perspective, the improvement in sales is modest. The pace of sales for new homes in June was 72 percent below the peak of four summers ago, and there is an enormous inventory of homes lingering on the market.
"There's been signs of improvement, but we're a long ways off from being back to a normal market," said Corey Barton, president of CBH Homes in Meridian, Idaho. Sales were up there in June, Barton said, but "it wasn't our biggest jump in eight years."
But there were clear signs the housing market is showing more life than at any point since the recession began. Keystone Custom Homes of Lancaster, Pa., founded in 1992, had its best June ever. July is looking good, and president Larry Wisdom expects an even stronger August.
"We doubled our sales in May, and then in June it took off," he said.
New-home sales for June came in at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 384,000, blowing past the expectations of economists surveyed by Thomson Reuters, who expected 360,000.
The figure is up 11 percent from May, and May's number of 346,000 was higher than previously thought. The increase is the largest since December 2000, when investors scared by the tech-stock bubble were looking for more stable places to put their money.
Sales were strongest in the Midwest, where they jumped 43 percent from May's total. Sales climbed 29 percent in the Northeast and 23 percent in the West. They declined slightly in the South.
The median sales price was $206,200, down from $234,300 a year ago and $219,000 from May. Economists expect home prices to continue falling until the competition from low-priced foreclosures ebbs sometime next year.
To drum up sales, CBH Homes has had to slash prices by as much as 10 percent from last year's levels. The new homes CBH builds have to compete with the glut of foreclosures, which have drawn many first-time home buyers.
In addition to lower prices, buyers are rushing to take advantage of a federal tax credit that covers 10 percent of the home price or up to $8,000 for first-time buyers. Home sales must be completed by the end of November for buyers to take advantage.
"There's definitely more first-time home buyers in the market than what we've seen in the last several years," Barton said.
Fallout from the housing crisis played a central role in the U.S. recession, now the longest since World War II. Mortgages went bad, home builders pulled back and fired thousands of workers, foreclosures spiked, and lenders were shuttered by the dozen.
Although the real estate market appears to be starting a recovery, that doesn't mean it will instantly become a powerful economic engine. Construction is weak because builders have too many unsold homes sitting vacant.
At the current sales pace, there are enough new homes for sale to last nearly nine months. That's slightly less time than in May but much longer than the six-month mark that indicates a balanced market.
Falling prices mean homebuilding companies won't be making much money anytime soon, but their stocks soared nonetheless on the impressive June sales. Beazer Homes USA gained 13 percent, and shares of Centex and Hovnanian Enterprises rose 9 percent.