WASHINGTON — Builders broke ground on more single-family homes and apartments in June, helping the battered construction industry gain a little life after a dismal spring.
The Commerce Department said Tuesday that builders began work on a seasonally adjusted rate of 629,000 homes last month, a 14.6 percent increase from May.
Still, that's roughly half the 1.2 million homes a year that economists say must be built to sustain a healthy housing market. Jennifer Lee, a senior economist at BMO Capital Markets, called the gains "just a blip in the overall flat-lining trend of home-building activity."
"We have to see a rebound in job creation to sustain a recovery in housing," she said.
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Much of the increase in June came from a surge in apartment construction, a volatile part of the industry. That sector jumped 31.8 percent last month.
Single-family home construction rose 9.4 percent. It was the biggest increase since June 2009, when the recession ended. But analysts said the pace of 453,000 homes a year was still too depressed to signal a turnaround.
"The underlying trend of single-family housing starts shows no signs of improving in a significant manner any time soon," said Joshua Shapiro, chief U.S. economist at MFR Inc.
The number of building permits, a gauge of future construction, increased 2.5 percent.
Home construction rose in every part of the country. The biggest gains were in the Northeast and Midwest. In the Northeast, the building pace spiked 35.1 percent; in the Midwest, it rose 25.3 percent. In the South, it rose 10.6 percent; in the West, it increased 5.4 percent.
Though new homes represent just 20 percent of the overall home market, they have an outsize effect on the economy. Each home built creates an average of three jobs for a year and generates about $90,000 in taxes, according to the National Association of Home Builders.
The weak housing industry is also holding back the U.S. economy. In past modern-day recessions, housing accounted for 15 percent to 20 percent of overall economic growth. This time around, in 2009 and 2010, housing contributed just 4 percent to the gross domestic product.
Cash-strapped builders are struggling to compete with deeply discounted foreclosures and short sales. A short sale is when lenders allow borrowers to sell their homes for less than what is owed on the mortgage.
New-home sales fell in May to a seasonally adjusted pace of 319,000 homes a year. That's far less than the 700,000 homes a year that economists consider healthy.