With all of the talk about the need to attract retailers back to downtown Lexington, I thought it would be good to talk with one who never left.
Dale Ferguson, 75, and his family have been selling newspapers, magazines, tobacco products and sundries downtown since 1928.
That was the year his father, H.C. Ferguson, opened a newsstand on Mill Street. Soon after World War II started, he bought Fayette Cigar Store at 151 West Main Street "when the owner got drafted," Ferguson said.
When that building was scheduled for a renovation that would have forced him to close for several months, Dale Ferguson bought a bigger building at 137 East Main in 1977 and moved the business. Fayette Cigar Store has been there ever since, despite the best efforts of developers and city officials to buy his property.
Surrounding buildings were bought in the 1980s for a proposed World Trade Center and cultural complex. Eventually, the new Fayette County Court House complex was built on his west side and the Downtown Arts Center on his east side.
At one point, Ferguson said, he agreed to city requests to swap his building for a similar one in the next block, but financial terms couldn't be reached with its owner. So Ferguson stayed put, through thick and thin, trying to make a living on his 32-foot-long slice of Main Street.
Ferguson's three-story building dates from 1864, with central and rear sections added in the early 1900s. Before he bought the building, bookies operated in the upper floors, which was connected to an adjacent building by a hole in the wall. Now, the upper floors are accessed by an antique elevator.
Modern fire codes would keep Ferguson from using the upper floors for anything but storage and an office unless he could figure out a way to build a staircase.
"That stops a lot of downtown development," he said, "A lot of these old buildings don't have fire escapes."
Ferguson said making Main Street one-way in 1971 hurt business, as did eliminating more and more street parking over the years.
"It was a mistake to do it," he said of the one-way conversion, but added that he isn't convinced making Main Street two-way again would do much good. "It's too late."
A bigger improvement, he said, would be adding more street parking, preferably angled or perpendicular spaces that would be easier for people to use and accommodate more cars.
During the last streetscape renovation in 2010, Ferguson lost a loading zone in front of his store, which hurt business.
"People would pull up, run in and buy a $200 box of cigars, and be gone in a few minutes," he said. "They can't do that anymore."
But the biggest obstacle Ferguson sees to getting more retailers back in downtown Lexington is high per-square-foot rents.
"If I didn't own my building, I wouldn't be here," he said. "I blame a lot of it on the Webbs, who overpaid for property and then had to get a return on their investment." But the biggest problem, Ferguson said, is that too few people work downtown — he suspects less than a fifth as many as did two or three decades ago. The addition of downtown condos over the past decade hasn't made much difference, he said. But he thinks more big apartment complexes like Park Plaza would help.
Ferguson now runs Fayette Cigar Store seven days a week with help from one of his four daughters, Dee Bright. Thanks to a resurgence in cigar smoking, customers come to the store for its extensive selection of high-end smokes, which are kept in a former bank vault in back. Pipe smoking also is on the rebound as cigarettes decline.
Cigars and fine pipe tobacco are the store's biggest profit centers. But Ferguson says he doesn't know what the future holds, noting that all of his main wares — tobacco, magazines, newspapers and greeting cards — have been in decline for years.
Ferguson has tried to fight back by adding niche products such as basic drugstore items and local honey. Still, business is tough.
"I have a pretty loyal customer base," he said. "Thank God for that."