NICHOLASVILLE — April Corman Colyer says her father always told her and her siblings that the farm he and they grew up on and gradually expanded to more than 1,200 acres would never be developed or sold out of the family.
When railroad magnate R.J. Corman said something, he meant it.
Before he died in August 2013 after a long battle with cancer, the founder of R.J. Corman Railroad Group arranged to put permanent conservation easements on the farm, the family planned to announce Sunday.
Without those easements, the beautifully landscaped property that stretches from the U.S. 27 Bypass at Nicholasville to U.S. 68 near Wilmore would have been prime subdivision land in a fast-growing county known for suburban sprawl.
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It is the second such action by a prominent Central Kentucky family announced in recent weeks. Arthur Hancock and his wife, Staci, said March 20 that they had put conservation easements on their 2,200-acre Stone Farm in Bourbon County.
Both were arranged with help from the non-profit Bluegrass Conservancy, which is celebrating 20 years of helping landowners permanently preserve more than 24,500 acres of farmland and natural areas in the region.
Corman's farm includes 65 acres near the headwaters of Jessamine Creek that the Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission has designated as the R.J. Corman Natural Area.
"He told us that we would always have the farm, that it would always be something that our family could enjoy, but we would never be able to sell or develop it," Colyer said.
"My Dad had a great vision and foresight, and he knew what would happen had he not set something like this in place," she added. "Inevitably, the pressures of development are too great."
Colyer is director of public affairs for the railroad services company her father started in 1973. R.J. Corman Railroad Group now has 1,500 employees in 24 states, including 700 in Kentucky.
She and her husband, Korey, and other family members live in five houses on the farm, including the one where Corman grew up as the son of a state highway toll booth worker.
The farm has been improved with 14½ miles of white plank fences and 15 miles of roads and recreation trails. It hosts several 5K races each year and an annual community Fourth of July celebration.
Corman planted hundreds of trees on the property, including maple trees that are tapped each year for syrup that is given to customers.
The farm adjoins about 800 acres that contain company shops and other facilities, including the headquarters office and aircraft hangars that are frequently used as event space for charity fundraisers.
The farm has about 300 head of cattle, chickens, a corn crop and a garden that provides vegetables for the company cafeteria.
The conservation easements permit no more than another 2 percent of the farm to ever be used for impervious surface, including buildings or roads, Colyer said.
"He wanted it preserved for his grandchildren and many generations to come," she said. "He would always say when I was younger that if the land was to ever be sold, then the proceeds had to go to charity. It doesn't exactly work that way now, but he has put constraints in place so that it can't be sold."
Colyer said she is happy with the decision, because the farm is as special to her as it was to her father.
"It has been a constant in my life no matter what was going on," she said. "It's home, but it's more than that. It's part of me. It's where my heart is."
Corman's best friend, Central Bank President Luther Deaton, lives on 20 acres adjacent to a back corner of the farm. They could look across the farm and see each other's houses a mile away.
"When he started buying that land, he said, 'I don't want anything to ever happen to it. I just want to make it beautiful so people could enjoy it.'" Deaton said. "And you've seen what he's done.
"I get up every morning and look out at all that land and the cattle, all the green grass and trees," Deaton added.
Conservation easements can have significant estate and tax benefits for landowners, said Mackenzie Royce, executive director of the Bluegrass Conservancy, the non-profit land trust.
"They can make it more affordable to pass land between generations," she said, adding that no public funding is used and the land remains on tax rolls.
Royce said these two major easements are "a testimony to how it has begun to catch on in the community. The pace of conservation has really accelerated."
The Bluegrass Conservancy was created in 1995 and recorded its first conservation easement in 1998, a cattle farm in Jessamine County. Conserved properties since then have included horse farms and natural areas along the Kentucky River.
"We're not anti-development or anti-growth," Royce said. "We're about helping farm families in our community conserve our most strategic land for future generations and balancing that with the growth that we know is going to happen."