Lexington's Kinkead House is much more than just another historical home. For nearly a century and a half, its occupants have been on the cutting edge of progress.
The mansion was built in 1847 by Abraham Lincoln's local lawyer, abolitionist George B. Kinkead. After the Civil War, he realized that former slaves would want to own their own homes, so he bought land for them behind his estate. Kinkeadtown became the heart of what is now the East End neighborhood.
A century later, Kinkead's descendants shared the dream of residents who thought Lexington's young people needed more exposure to science and the arts. In 1971, they loaned and later donated the mansion and surrounding 1.5 acres to become the Living Arts and Science Center.
The next chapter of the story begins Wednesday, when the LASC launches a $5 million capital campaign to renovate the Kinkead House and more than double the center's size and programming capacity with a beautiful contemporary addition.
LASC will add a 65-seat planetarium/auditorium, a digital arts center, a recording studio, a children's art gallery, more classroom and meeting space, and a guest artist's studio. There also will be a "teaching kitchen" for uses as varied as teaching neighbors to prepare and preserve food they grow in their gardens and classes in chocolate sculpture. A "magic carpet" walkway, which includes outdoor sculptures, will tie the campus together.
The campaign begins with $300,000 in grants and donations, plus a $1 million matching grant from the W. Paul and Lucille Caudill Little Foundation. The LASC board hopes to raise the rest of the money by summer 2013.
"It's hard to raise $5 million in this environment without some credible reasons," said downtown developer Phil Holoubek, who with his wife, Marnie, is leading the campaign. "But this project can be a game-changer. We can better serve the community and improve the neighborhood and downtown."
The LASC's mission is to use art and science to inspire children and adults. During the past year, more than 6,000 schoolchildren from 21 Kentucky counties took field trips to the center, executive director Heather Lyons said. The LASC offered more than 400 classes and workshops, plus frequent community events.
The expansion already is creating buzz because the Kinkead House addition promises to be one of Lexington's most exciting pieces of contemporary architecture. It is the work of Louisville's De Leon & Primmer Architecture Workshop, which two weeks after receiving the LASC commission last year won a prestigious Design Vanguard Award from Architectural Record magazine.
Architect Ross Primmer said the design is based on extensive conversations with the board, staff and neighbors of the LASC, which faces North Martin Luther King Boulevard between Campsie Place and East Fourth Street.
"It's like they were hearing everything we were thinking," said Kathy Plomin, the LASC's development director.
The 11,000-square-foot addition is really a separate building, tucked along the south side and back of Kinkead House, complementing the scale of the 7,000-square-foot mansion and surrounding homes. An outdoor classroom separates the two buildings, which are connected by a glass walkway. Parking will move away from the front to create a larger lawn.
Primmer said the addition will have walls of dark-green wood siding and clear glass to visually connect with the outside and allow people to see inside. It will meet environmentally friendly LEED Silver standards and minimize energy use.
Steve Kay, an Urban County Council member who lives on Campsie Place, is excited about the LASC's expansion and the new programming it will make possible. "We're thrilled that such a good neighbor is investing in the neighborhood," he said.
The design follows a trend of modern-style additions to classic old buildings. When designed well, these additions honor the integrity of the historical structure and become a more functional piece of contemporary architecture.
"The goal is to create something that fits with it but doesn't mimic it," Primmer said of the Kinkead House.
"I think it's just brilliant," Mayor Jim Gray said of the design. "This project is an example of great urban planning and great architecture that respects the character of the historic neighborhood and lifts it up. This is extremely exciting."