How do you describe the Whippoorwill Festival? It is part Scout camp, part folkways festival and part family reunion, straight out of the pages of the old Whole Earth Catalog.
However it's described, the third annual event attracted more than 300 people from across the region to rural Madison County last weekend. They came for 3½ days of camping, communal eating, conversation, education, music, dancing and fun in a family-friendly atmosphere.
"It attracts an eclectic, interesting group of people," said organizer Dave Cooper of Lexington, an environmental activist and a former mechanical engineer. "You put them all together, and interesting things happen."
The Whippoorwill Festival (Whippoorwillfest.com) is held at HomeGrown HideAways (Homegrownhideaways.org), a 100-acre farm and eco-friendly campground west of Berea that is tucked away below tree-covered hills.
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The festival is one of three that owners Nathan and Jessa Turner host each year. HomeGrown HideAway also has the PlayThink Movement & Flow Arts Festival (Playthinkfest.com) in June and the Holler in the Holler music and arts festival, Aug. 9-11.
Most people came to the Whippoorwill Festival to learn "skills for earth-friendly living," Cooper said. There were more than 75 classes and demonstrations.
Many classes harked back to Appalachia's pre-industrial lifestyle and heritage: cooking and bread-making over an open fire, making soap from goats' milk, beekeeping, composting, starting a fire without matches, making paper, banjo playing and ballad singing.
Johnny Faulkner, a retired archaeologist with the U.S. Forest Service at Red River Gorge, was teaching and demonstrating skills that Kentuckians were using long before the first white pioneers and settlers arrived.
He used a small billet made from a deer antler to chip or "knap" flint to make arrow and spear points for hunting. After he finished one, he showed me how they were attached to a spear made of native river cane and hurled at high speed with the help of a short stick called an "atlatl."
"With that, they could throw a spear at 100 miles an hour," he said. "I sure wouldn't want to be hit by one."
Norm Adkins of Richmond demonstrated a similar technique, but with materials beyond the traditional flint that Native Americans used. He had one bright green arrowhead he made from fiber optic plastic.
Other classes focused on food: oyster mushroom inoculation, hunting wild mushrooms, growing herbs and strawberries, making sauerkraut, growing nut trees, starting a community garden, composting, saving seeds and raising backyard chickens.
And still others were about skills for low-cost and back-to-nature living: basic bicycle and auto repair, wildflowers, spinning wool, knitting, making sandals and shoes, natural childbirth, stargazing through a telescope, hitchhiking and wilderness first aid.
"We live in Berea, and this is one of our favorite things to do every year," said Chris Smith, an emergency room nurse who taught the wilderness first aid class and came for the weekend with his wife, Katie Gardner, and their two sons.
They were staffing a first aid station among the tents of several social activists groups, including Appalachian Water Watch, Kentucky Heartwood, the Kentucky Student Environmental Coalition and Kentucky Mountain Justice.
"People see a lot of old friends here," Smith said. "It gives them a break from protesting what they don't like and learning more about what they do like."
There was a contra dance Thursday night, and traditional music concerts Friday and Saturday evenings. Pam Gadd of Nashville came to perform with the New Coon Creek Girls string band and teach workshops on banjo playing and songwriting. She also wanted to take the composting workshop.
Wendy Welch of the Tale of the Lonesome Pine Bookstore in Big Stone Gap, Va., led a "running a successful small business in Appalachia" workshop, a skill Cooper wants to emphasize more at future festivals.
"Many workshop leaders come to the festival and talk about whatever their passion is, and often they are making a little business out of it," said Cooper, who is trying to start a new organization, the Appalachian Small and Micro Business Alliance.
"It would be kind of a chamber of commerce to help nurture and grow these small startup businesses in the region," Cooper said. "As we look toward the end of coal, we're going to need lots of ways to create new economic models in Appalachia."