SPRINGFIELD — Agriculture economists have been sounding a death knell for the American family farm for decades. Since World War II, farming has been all about machinery, chemicals and the idea of "get big or get out."
More recently, though, the sustainable-agriculture movement has shown an alternative path. It is based on creating new markets and innovative farming techniques rooted in the wisdom of nature.
The movement has been fueled by consumers who want fresher, tastier produce and meat that isn't sprayed with chemicals and pumped full of hormones. Many consumers are willing to pay more for better quality.
Sustainably produced local food nourishes communities as well as bodies. Many farm families want to stay on their land, finding that the rewards are worth the hard work. They also want to make sure the land isn't poisoned and eroded, so future generations can keep farming.
With its fertile soil, temperate climate and central location, Kentucky would seem to be a great place to capitalize on this trend. Plus, Kentucky is the home of writer Wendell Berry, one of the global gurus of sustainable agriculture.
This fall, St. Catharine College, a Catholic school founded by the Dominican Sisters in Washington County, started offering bachelor's degrees in farming and ecological agrarianism.
St. Catharine's Berry Farming Program incorporates Berry's sustainability philosophies and was developed in conjunction with his family's Berry Center in the Henry County town of New Castle.
(Berry's alma mater, The University of Kentucky, where he taught English for many years, has developed a respected sustainable agriculture program. But Berry had a very public breakup with UK in December 2009, when he withdrew his papers after the university named the new basketball players' dormitory Wildcat Coal Lodge in return for millions of dollars in coal industry donations.)
Assistant Professor Leah Bayens developed St. Catharine's four-year Berry Farming Program, which combines interdisciplinary study in agriculture, ecology, business, marketing and community leadership with hands-on farm internships.
Bayens launched the program this fall with four students in the introductory class, which uses as a supplementary text Berry's landmark 1977 book, The Unsettling of America: Culture and Agriculture, which helped spark the sustainability movement.
Three international students will join the program in January, thanks to scholarships from Eleanor Bingham Miller, whose Louisville family once owned The Courier-Journal. Bayens will choose those students from the more than 60 applicants from sub-Saharan Africa, the Indian subcontinent and Latin America, where sustainable agriculture is desperately needed.
The Berry Farming Program's first four students represent an interesting mix of the sons and daughters of Kentucky farm families.
Freshman Marshall Berry is Wendell Berry's grandson, and he is trying to figure out whether he wants to make a career of farming, as his father, Den Berry, did. Does he feel any family pressure? Maybe a little, he said.
"I know I want to live and work on a farm," said freshman Winifred Chevront, who grew up on a Taylor County farm. "I think this could help me achieve my goals."
Pamela Mudd, a junior who transferred here after studying food science at UK, comes from a large Washington County farming family.
"I want to get some new ideas for keeping our family farm in the family," she said.
Jacob Settle, a junior, comes from a Washington County farm family and has built a regionally successful freezer-beef business with his brother, Jordan. Rising Sons Beef sells locally bred, born and raised beef that is free of antibiotics, steroids and hormones.
Bayens has taken her class on several field trips to see area farms. Last month, I joined them on a tour of Jonas and Julie Hurley's River Run Farm & Pottery near Springfield.
The Hurleys raise sorghum and vegetables, hogs, chickens, goats, turkeys, ducks and sheep. They also have a dairy cow and a llama. They produce almost all of the food they and their two young sons eat, selling the surplus at a local farmer's market. Jonas Hurley also sells his pottery and teaches classes.
A few months ago, Hurley installed solar panels that produce about 60 percent of his farm's power. The $14,000 investment should pay for itself within 12 years, he said.
"I want the students to get opportunities to meet, mingle and work side by side with different kinds of farmers so they can see what kinds of creativity and inventiveness are at work," Bayens said. "There is a lot of opportunity out there for farmers willing to find it."