Kentucky is blessed with a beautiful landscape and abundant water resources, and we have been trying for more than a century to ruin it.
Too often, Kentuckians have been presented with a false choice: We can either have jobs and economic prosperity or clean water, air and land — but not both.
That kind of thinking has left Kentucky near the bottom in national rankings of wealth, health and well-being. It is no coincidence that this state's most environmentally damaged places are also its poorest and sickest.
Twenty-first century reality is the opposite of that false choice. Pollution may bring a measure of prosperity in the short-term, but it harms it in the long-term. Balancing commerce with conservation ensures that Kentuckians will be able to live, work and prosper here forever.
These issues are worth thinking about now because a new governor will soon take office. Many people who care about the environment fear that Republican Matt Bevin, with his business and Tea Party background, will make things worse.
I'm not so sure about that.
Kentucky's environment has suffered under both Democrats and Republicans. That suffering has included irresponsible surface mining, industrial pollution, poorly designed sprawl and costly highway projects designed more to enrich land speculators, road contractors and developers than to meet real transportation needs.
A recent investigation by Erica Peterson of WFPL radio in Louisville used state records to show how polluters have faced less scrutiny during the administrations of Democrat Steve Beshear and Republican Ernie Fletcher than they did before.
At the same time, pollution increased. Under both administrations, there was much less funding for enforcement and less political will to go after polluters, especially when they were coal companies.
The consequences of that have been real. For example, more than 500 miles of streams in the Lower Cumberland basin were classified as fully supporting aquatic life in 1992. By 2012, that number had fallen to about 100 miles, state records show.
Big polluters — such as the people behind the "war on coal" propaganda campaign — try to make Kentuckians think that the only people who care about the environment are liberal tree-huggers. But that's not true.
An increasing number of conservatives realize the importance of environmental protection, for a variety of reasons. Hunters, fishermen and farmers have been powerful conservation advocates for decades.
There is a growing Creation Care movement among conservative Christians, who cite Genesis 2:15 and other scripture. Influential groups include the Evangelical Environmental Network and Lexington-based Blessed Earth.
Christian environmentalists recently got a powerful ally in Pope Francis, whose encyclical, Laudato Si: On Care for Our Common Home, makes it clear that destroying God's creation for profit is a sin.
Conservative businessmen such as Alltech's Pearse Lyons have realized for years that there is a lot of money to be made in helping society become more environmentally responsible. He is a bright beacon for Kentucky's future.
On the flip side, libertarians are speaking out against the crony capitalism that allows corporations to pay off politicians to protect their pollution and stifle innovation.
It doesn't take a genius to see that solar and other renewable energy industries are growing rapidly as Appalachia's coal industry shrivels and dies. But the coal barons' money and power have kept Kentucky politicians, both Republicans and Democrats, toeing its line. At least until now.
Bevin seems to be a smart, independent man who doesn't owe many people favors. That last attribute puts him in a unique position compared to his predecessors.
The self-funded candidate wasn't put into office by coal magnates, highway contractors and developers. Coming from outside the political establishment, he isn't steeped in the crony capitalism that has long corrupted state government.
Bevin is under less obligation than his predecessors were to protect Kentucky's economic past. He has political cover to pursue new ideas and more environmentally friendly approaches to economic development.
Bevin could create a powerful legacy by showing Kentucky that conservative and conservation come from the same word. Does he have the courage to be different?