In 2000, Britain began a comprehensive effort to reform planning, to discourage car use by requiring that new development be accessible by public transit. "Development comprising jobs, shopping, leisure and services should not be designed and located on the assumption that the car will represent the only realistic means of access for the vast majority of people," said PPG 13, the British government's revolutionary 2001 planning document. Dozens of shopping malls, fast-food restaurants and housing compounds have been refused planning permits based on the new British regulations.
the New York Times
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